Build a Wall of Fresh Vegetables
Choosing to use vertical hydroponics allows you to take advantage of unused space and improve your crop yield. If you plant a garden outside in the dirt, you can only raise one crop at a time in the same space. Planting a vertical hydroponic garden allows you to stack plants over top of each other. This can double or triple the amount of plants you can grow.
All homes have unused space. There is three to four feet of space above furniture in most homes. Vertical frames allow you to plant heavy vegetables or fruits on the lower level and lighter varieties above them. The frame holds the tubing that delivers the nutrient water to all the plants. The efficiency of growth and heat lamps is improved to almost 100%. Since the plants are tiered, all of the light is available to every plant.
Plants grown in soil are heavy. The weight of the dirt, plant and water requires sturdy support if grown indoors or a greenhouse. Hydroponically grown plants weigh considerably less. Vertical hydroponics systems can also be placed on walls, and by using wall containers, you can grow multiple levels from the floor to the ceiling. The weight of these containers is minimal and do not require much wall support.
Outside Vertical System
You could design a wall garden that would put healthy food on your table and create an aesthetic garden inside your home. Planting a vertical hydroponic garden outside would allow you to incorporate waterfalls, koi ponds or other types of landscaping into your garden.
Plants Grow Faster
Hydroponic gardening quickens the growth time required from seed to harvest. Produce yields are improved by 30-50%. Vertical systems could improve yields even more since more varieties of plants can be grown at the same time. Most vertical systems are closed and this keeps the roots moist allowing them to develop strong and healthy stems and stalks. When plants are healthy, they produce more fruit.
Disadvantage of the Vertical System
Vertical hydroponics are dependent on pumps and lights to ensure proper plant development. Both of these use electricity. If the power goes out, your garden may die. A backup generator would allow you to provide support to your garden, however, generators are costly to use.
What to Grow
Using vertical hydroponics you could plant tomatoes on the lower level. Pole beans, sweet peas and grape tomatoes could be planted between these tomatoes. These plants would utilize the vertical space. The middle sections could contain sweet or hot peppers, eggplant or kale.
The upper levels of a vertical garden could be filled with lettuce, spinach and culinary herbs. By staggering the planting times of your plants, you could enjoy fresh vegetables every day.
Gardening space will never be a problem if you use vertical hydroponics. Planting an indoor or outside vertical hydroponic garden allows you to use previously unused available space. The rewards of a vertical soilless garden can be seen and tasted in a few weeks.